4. 4 0 obj MODAL VERBS: POSSIBILITY OR PROBABILITY. It will be an excellent activity after the grammar introduction to consolidate making sentences with can and could to talk about abilities in present and past.The sentences are given in jumbled order and use the … for a new job. "\��H���|B�Ǝ]��p� ����[��︚I>͓i5� �KZap7��8���!U�����0�5L�1FW���Tۡ��� • Students look at the list of possible causes (Language Focus exercise 2 on the Worksheet) and decide how likely they are. x��\[o�6~��@X�*Ɗx�e1Ȣs�v��N�Y��탓8�ѱ���L��_�9�"%���8���x����}��-nfW;���ٷ����n~�~9{�������.��gf���l�X��~z���w��n�9?g�޼f��di��U\����YT�m�'?�V�'�.NO��q�y�)vqsz.c� U��i�f%�X�w?��v3���.U�K���������TM>�ɔg���~����*Q�ۄ���dZN���K����u���|���.�uz������9��\�ɟ�[� �>�F�Z�,�9L��fK�e�x�|3D�g Lesson 10 – Modal Verbs for Deduction Today's lesson will focus on using modal verbs for certainty, probability, and deduction. Almost 100% Sure: He must have had a meeting with a client. Exercise instructions. 1. Downloadable worksheets: CAN & CAN´T - Expressing Ability Level: elementary Age: 11-14 Downloads: 4185 : SUMMARY OF MODAL VERBS (B&W VERSION INCLUDED) Level: intermediate Age: 12-17 Downloads: 3880 : Modal Verbs Level: elementary Age: 11-14 Downloads: 3779 : It’s possible the weather will be sunny tomorrow. "Deduction" means using the information available to make a guess or draw a conclusion about the facts. To express certainty in the present, we use must, can’tandcouldn’t. May, Might and Must are modal verbs that cause confusion for some learners. Main content: Modals Other contents: To express degrees of certainty Add to my workbooks (8) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp Levels of Difficulty : Elementary Intermediate Advanced M006 - Modal Verbs - MUST, MUSTN’T, DON’T HAVE TO, SHOULD, SHOULDN’T, MIGHT, CAN, <> Modal Verbs of Probability Exercise 1 Click here to download this exercise in PDF (with answers) Review the explanation about modals of probability here Put in 'must + infinitive' (for something that's likely about the present) or 'must + have + past participle' (for something that's likely about the past): Before trying the exercise, it may be helpful to review the links below. 4. 2 to express certainty CAN'T, COULDN'T, MUST She can't be Irish. In this exercise you will practise using modal verbs to express present probability: must, can’t, could, may, might. There is a grammar explanation at the bottom of the page. Lesson 10 - Modals (Part 3) Today's lesson will focus on using modal verbs for certainty, probability, and deduction. He the secret. That must be Maria on the phone ... - We can use modals of possibility to refer to the past, present or future. 6. %PDF-1.7 9��*ķ՚�|�s�M t��c�i��8��فjH�K��ua ��VTEF����v�����%��v��ݏ����V��}��qm�۟xm�_74������P��-�))^*����a�OQ=�}�����)O(��gK��k�B�}'�R(�5�+�.8z�Ed���Y��?1~�I�������&{��FVʮxoͫ��8��㫪- Tommy might have eaten them. �>�W�Àa3l�V跞��e��=vO��흔�Vf���kQ��)�t96{���J���՛�K�ֲY��;N�� I'm certain he doesn't know the secret. Past modals for degrees of certainty. Modals – deduction past. d�[%�I�{_e���M�15tG�������#"� �^e��;�d�z��2{��H46[��L��u�hҀV���։&���1e�c@�wSۛ�[5X�`یT4�r�?xJ������l�~�����۝���8�����H�)Q�5�{laX$b|�:u�Z�$ʊe��/I�AT�gP ��8 Has to/Have to (a) ‘HaS to’ and ‘Have to’ are used to express some compulsion, necessity or obligation in the present or future tenses. Fill in each gap using must, can’t, could, may or might. u�Lӱ�tʫ����^�*���}2���5~�0�?n����_'.̥�G��5IfY���4�ur8�s��\1Rd̬JW�~gb&I�EZ��d�UZi/�/��TO�gP������F�i��? Modal Verbs of Deduction. Perhaps he will be home soon. All the chocolates are gone! Degree: Example sentence: Comment: FACT: He had a meeting with a client. Ex: The author mustn't be famous. TYPE USE MODAL VERBS EXAMPLE 1 to express possibilities for the future COULD, MAY, MIGHT It may rain tomorrow. 5. James definitely isn’t eighteen yet! Modals of Possibility and Certainty: MAY, MIGHT, COULD, MUST / CAN'T, etc. I'm sure she has gone on holiday. a) He might be going … ŏI?�B�)���J�MM��_��w.0.;�U�']?�JEuLMnj�=���B2?R�R�,�i��Rl`�����). a)I can’t find my keys. Click on the button beside the correct answer. The student has to wirte the correct modal verb in each situation English Exercises > modals exercises. This is a fact. past modals for degree of certainty. past modals for degrees of certainty conditionals guide (see the … Example. to express certainty: CAN'T, COULDN'T, MUST: She can't be Irish. ]���Z�}����Z����kS3-����!w��㧷��ۗנ�@p�@�py�� ����4��-,8�H[L�;Г`.k��e_~�6�#������s#h��{��K���v��\�o'l{�mx�sߜ�/�9��9x�]�Ȓ���c�GtLT���8�\���P���P�f|-��hb�L���"8��߉��8���c� Ex: He may be planning another trip. Could, might, and may, shown in red, plus the base form of a main verb shown in blue. English Exercises > modals exercises. She must have been late. : The speaker is making a logical conclusion and is almost sure (but not completely sure) that Mike had a meeting with a client. 2 0 obj Modals for kids, definition, 10 examples of modals, Uses of modals, Modals solved exercise, Worksheet, Questions, Pdf, in english grammar I just saw Mathew and he looks really very well. 3 for possible explanations COULD, MAY, MIGHT She could be Scottish. Modals of Certainty and Possibility three different exercises+key 10,894 Downloads . USE: MODAL VERBS: EXAMPLE: to express possibilities for the future: COULD, MAY, MIGHT: It may rain tomorrow. For instance, there is no percentage of certainty that something is, or isn't, given the use of a certain modal verb. Summary of Modal Functions; Extra Exercises  certainty, probability, possibility   can ... - We use must to express complete certainty. Modals of Probability (also called ‘Modals of Speculation’) for talking about the past Level Intermediate ANSWER KEY 1. 1. Rajendra has to finish his work on time. A worksheet to consolidate modals of ability in present and past. 1. stream a) He must practice every day. 15. . Depending on the information available, you might be more certain that your conclusion is true, or less certain that your Complete the sentences by choosing the correct past modal. a friend. 2. She on holiday. Could, might, and may have the same meaning, but one is more formal than the other two, and that's may. She [?] They must be home by now. Using “must” conveys a strong feeling of certainty; nevertheless, there is still some doubt in the speaker’s mind. Modal Verbs can be used to talk about obligation, freedom and necessity to do something. endobj .�L%�e�+O��%%_M~�K���q5c X�����:`� l��ODRL2����ƺL����l���}������_��eOda�'a��KyU�������RT�˒�_5��F��DO�'k���E 2. A: Betty I think Steven drove to work today. endobj we normally don't contract must not int his meaning of must. x��ZɎ�F��W�l@��I��(`����6���Ol�I�$Ү̦�\_�X������������)����������?~���fw���_oc��`���[���˯�v�˼O����{i�﷯?|�(�����e�1�;��Φ� ��A7�'�������;h?��?~��x�݆��������y���L���D��0��n��4�����ɜ��eN� ���d��� 7. 3 0 obj English grammar practice exercise, intermediate level. The expression ‘had to’ is the past tense of ‘has to’ and ‘have to’ and serves the same function. I'm certain she is looking for a new job. They must be here somewhere because I used them to open the front door. Modals have only one form, so they are never spelled with an -s. Must, could, might, may, couldn’t and can’t are used to show how possible or probable the speaker thinks a present situation is. 14. All downloads are in PDF Format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. Certainty. �#%�B She [?] nervous. It's possible she has been delayed in traffic. Mf�!x��6(�e[x)����D���@�V���&)�B� \�:!���$���D�PLY^���4ӯ�jѣy�����X,�fOF���cb;��Z�*N �E�X��n/2�e�1h"���ϥTc>>ô�q�û��%��$=���$ݟ�$�j~ Gܱ��S�=J��܇m�qv��A�\,23 V�� Y�`���cI( T1��~� �b��ʚ�7CWe��E]uNk���A�q� ����»��d�/� B�����n�$�^���SM�3g�:4�ӵJ!`[� �q���5��F. We choose the verb depending on how sure we are. She [?] Depending on the information available, you might be more Present Modal Verbs of Deduction and Probability Exercise Check through the different uses. The speaker is 100% sure. To express certainty in the past, we use must have, can’t have and couldn’t have. • Ask students what they think happens to the modals when we are talking about past MODALS of PROBABILITY (present) Choose the best sentences to score your knowledge of MODALS of PROBABILITY. The first three sentences use modals of possibility. • Write ‘It happened.’ on the board, and ask students to add adverbs to show different degrees of certainty and possibility. 2 0 obj Here is a modals of possibility and certainty game to help students learn how to use the modal verbs 'could', 'may' and 'might' for possibility and 'must' for certainty. 3. 1: Talking about the present: Place some objects that make a recognizable sound behind a screen at the front of the class. "Deduction" means using the information available to make a guess or draw a conclusion about the facts. 3. %äüöß Modal Verbs of Probability Exercise. Modals Exercise For Class 9 CBSE With Answers PDF. James can't be eighteen yet. While rules are good and necessary, a feel for the language needs to be developed at the advanced level. Modal Verbs In English - PDF: Modal Verbs PDF - General: Modal Verbs PDF - CAN: Modal Verbs PDF - Could: ... MODAL VERBS POSSIBILITY, CERTAINTY: Modals - Advice, Necessity, Requests, Suggestions: Modal Verbs of Ability and Permission Exercise: Click here for all the exercises about modal verbs We can use these modal verbs (also called modals of deduction, speculation or certainty) when we want to make a guess about something. modal verbs multiple choice exercises pdf.primary auxiliary verbs exercises with answers pdf.modal verbs exercises advanced.infinitive exercises with answers pdf.modal verbs worksheets with answers.can and may worksheets with answers.should and must exercises with answers.english grammar modal verbs rules.must have to should exercises worksheets .modal verbs multiple choice exercises.modal … My classmate can play basketball 10. Modal Verbs of Probability. He home soon. 1 0 obj %PDF-1.4 MODAL VERBS OF PROBABILITY EXERCISE in PDF: MODAL VERB EXERCISES: GRAMMAR AQUARIUM: GRAMMAR CLASS PLAYLIST : MODAL VERBS OF PROBABILITY EXERCISE. No, he can’t have driven! 7 ��a�?��h���1�@(�Is�ެQ��:�ra���R�3�(d�yL�#u��+��*�h����[��GV+h���u(��\I��_�F����/z9Om!A1Pm������'�W`�7�����T��L� �� N��V�Y�b У�J|dJ��(˟���k�C�T�+-w�0��6 <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> endobj By marjan read each situation and say the best explanation.what do you think happened?what were the reasons? FLQ���؎E��*&��_�T1F�0#� oim�����\���[L�P����p*l�Yf�f�/43ۭi�Yۋ��4 Ͱ���r�|]�TpO�[���x�Y��„��S��5#��f4������Zv �׎��Z�f5��Xû�� ��D��;9^�霧E�I�r�~N�LX\�V��p��~�� +2a;�F�[ Downloadable worksheets: CAN & CAN´T - Expressing Ability Level: elementary Age: 11-14 Downloads: 4185 : SUMMARY OF MODAL … 2. in traffic. stream I'm certain he didn‘t call me. I saw my friend run quickly to school. Past modal verbs of deduction. View 461_modal-verbs-test-a1-a2-grammar-exercises.pdf from BIO 247 at Uzbekistan State University of World Languages. Modal Verbs Of Certainty, Probability and Possibility. » Modals of Certainty in the Present » Exercise; Modals of Certainty in the Present - Exercise 1 Choose the correct modal to complete the sentence. <> <>/Metadata 597 0 R/ViewerPreferences 598 0 R>> A) In General • The usual restrictions on the use of modals remain valid: They cannot be used with the will-future, they have no infinitive, no to-infinitive, no -ing form, and no past participle. <> He _____ disappointed. %���� Modal verbs Deduction and probability. Show all questions <= => Alex wanted to get the promotion very much, but he didn't. 0�+uƭ5+1���.%4�Sy�&ZF�Yk1�C��E�����\�T����f���Ya�fy��>a>�N0݉!�� ��x^�r�Q���o��Z2�\�|����o�8�I���$2�l�� U��Aʛɡ�Q;��s��gr�ǗMR3�tݴ^j��b��P����k�U�T9.﹪s��L�����}�m�D&]���~aL=���_1"q�`f�F���kN�О�>d��|��TU�:\F%���F7:Tn2ю�4���B��`Q�[��'�(9��F�#�ι�QbH�W Modal Verbs of Obligation and Necessity. Modal Verbs Test A1 - A2 Grammar Exercises Teacher: Islambek Alishov 6. Perhaps she is visiting a friend. We use the following modal verbs: Must, Have to, Need to, Don’t have to, Needn’t, Don’t Need to + infinitive. Grammar | 0 comentarios. Use of Modal Verbs of Obligation and Necessity. More modals of Speculation ’ ) for Talking about the facts Test -...? what were the reasons Maria on the board, and ask students add... We normally do n't contract must not int his meaning of must, we use must, can tandcouldn. You might be going … may, might, and Deduction 2 express! 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