How did the Scientific Revolution impact people’s views about absolute monarchies and government? Scanned and prepared for the Marxist Internet Archive by Paul Flewers. He eventually lost control of Portugal. How is purchasing power connected to this? European Monarchs React to the French Revolution. The country of France had helped the Americans fight against the British in the American Revolution. The three main causes of French revolution are as follows: 1. That means the First and Second Estates outvoted 97% of the population by a vote of 2-1. Instantly he was opposed by another coalition of England, Austria, Prussia and Russia. They Like any teenager, Napoleon was attracted to the opposite sex. In Revolutionary France, the Legislative Assembly votes to abolish the monarchy and establish the First Republic. After reading, consider which of the paragraphs above relate to the following "causes". The country was economically unstable, the government was weak, and people rioted against the corrupt government. Napoleon’s Temperament During Childhood and Youth. He was only a captain and made little money. Humiliated, Louis XVI agreed to return to Paris where he would manage the food problem himself. Russia underwent severe economic strain and eventually began trading with Britain. The charged into the bedrooms of the palace and chased the queen Marie Antoinette from her chamber. Still, Europe had to be re-organized after Napoleon’s defeat. The University of France was established. Property: the Church’s property was taken; when a woman’s husband died her property was confiscated. France was in disarray, with nobles going around with small groups pillaging and attacking weaker groups. People in the Polish court – an even her aged husband – encouraged her to divorce and marry Napoleon, to rid Poland of the Russian hold. European rulers and nobles denounced the French Revolution. After 10 months of brooding and planning the situation in France gave him the opportunity he needed to return. He had lost a measure of support but was faced with a coalition against him from Great Britain, Sweden, Spain, Prussia and Russia. 5. _____spoke out in favor of women's rights. The school system was open to all citizens. Create a national plan that gives solutions for what you think are the problems in the following statement. They had many of problems. Napoleon felt that he couldn’t marry a divorced woman already pregnant with his child, so he strung along Waleska as he sought the Russian Czar’s younger sister. A general meeting in Vienna, Austria was held by the powers of Europe to make changes in Europe after Napoleon. Is there a way to search all eBay sites for different countries at once? The March into Moscow: Napoleons marched into an empty city. A coalition was formed to fight against France, to keep the revolution from spreading through Europe. There he wrote his memoirs. There were four main decisions made. She eventually became pregnant. Monarchs around Europe saw this as a threat. They knew about the new and better type of government that had been set up in the United States. The National Convention realized the problems it had to solve. New liberal laws were created (property, individual rights, universal male suffrage). The whole country fell into violence and chaos. However, there were problems. Beginning in 1789, the French Revolution saw the French people overthrow their absolute monarchy and bring about a republic that … The revolutionaries had no choice but to fight. The National Assembly dissolved itself and created an elected National Convention. He wanted a temporary government set up. They also thought that the king was above the law. ideals in many countries. She needed cash and knew how to make men fall for her. Leaders of the most powerful countries were afraid that the revolution would spread to their monarchies, especially after the beheading of Louis the XVI and Marie Antoinette. The Estates are social classes consisting of: the First, Second, and Third Estates. The Directory was unpopular, and would later allow Bonaparte to take control of France. Over 30,000 people were beheaded. The National Assembly thought they could restore control through laws. The curriculum was designed to develop young people into logical and reasonable-minded civil servants. France soon enough went to war against Austria, Prussia, and the German States in the War of the First Coalition and abolished the monarchy in September 1792. C. Louis XVI. (Select all that apply.) His family didn’t want him to crown Josephine empress, and the Pope was against him becoming emperor. The Directory abolished slavery, but only gave voting power to male property owners. They took guns, freed prisoners and destroyed it. Many of them felt that democracy was the best way for this to happen. He returned to France but was thrown in jail for is revolutionary activities. No period of history has so frequently been rewritten in the light of current preoccupations or been such a repeated battleground of conflicting ideologies as the French Revolution. In 1807 he was rolling through Poland and met the beautiful Maria Waleska, a countess. Napoleon called a heavily attacked battery “The Battery of the Fearless” and fought along with his men, which commanded respect. Food was burning along with parts of the city. Napoleon centralized the government. Historians are divided over the strength of Catholicism in late eighteenth-century France. Napoleon went back to Corsica to start a revolutionary movement (got the idea from the French Revolution around him). Napoleon died on May 5th, 1821. (this was justified as she had a number of lovers over the years) The problem for Napoleon was that Josephine couldn’t have children. In addition, there were food shortages. Traditions of theocratic kingship, which were based on Roman and Christian precedents, emerged in the early centuries of the period, leading kings to assume their status as God’s representatives on earth. This caused Napoleon to deploy numerous troops to the Iberian peninsula. (people were poor and rioting) At this time he met Rose de Beauharnais, otherwise known as Josephine. A monarch was a welcome change, as it would bring much more centralized, decisive government to the country. French nobles and clergy that went to other European countries fleeing the Revolution and sharing their stories with other European rulers. In the mid to late 1700s, France was a mess. feared this might encourage people in their countries to do the Factions. There were 83 departments established. People: All people were not equal before the law. D. Marie Antoinette. (Select all that apply.) Absolutism or absolute monarchical rule was developing across Europe during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Social Cause 3. (4) All former ruling families would be restored to their thrones. Her name was Emilie. They saw democracy in England and in the United States (although it was not universal). They feared this might encourage people in their countries to do the … Napoleon Bonaparte would be a key figure in this. Portugal refused to follow the continental system, as British trade was critical to Portuguese prosperity. (3) The balance of power was restored, so no nation was too powerful. This made the Protestants hate their government. A coalition was formed against France, including Great Britain, the Netherlands, Spain, the Kingdom of Sardinia, Austria and Prussia. Smolensk: Peasants began rallying against Napoleon’s invading army; more and more of Napoleon’s troops were dying. This was called the. Also, France’s enemies were united against France and were winning many battles against France. In the end only 30,000 troops survived. Napoleon sent a cruel letter saying he wanted her mother and brother to agree to their marriage immediately. The Brunswick Manifesto appears to have made French radicals see the monarchs as united in an international monarchist and noble class conspiracy to keep common people down. The nobles of the robe, or their ancestors, had originally become nobles by buying their offices. When the Revolution began, aristocratic opinion varied. These “nobles of the sword” tended to view most of their countrymen, including the lesser nobility, as vulgar upstarts. He got control of the port through skilled decisions and motivating his troops. Many soldiers agreed to protect the women on this march. Louis XIV had had total power for 72 years. It had a large population and a prosperous foreign trade. Although membership in the noble class was mainly inherited, it was not a fully closed order. Napoleon also wrote the Concordat. However, in reality they were only Napoleon’s advisors. More and more decided to leave France and join the exiled nobles, the Émigré. The Continental System: Europe created a trade blockade of Britain, which drove prices up in Europe. Trafalgar: The French and Spanish navies were destroyed at Trafalgar, which left Spain furious with France and France’s coastline vulnerable to English attack from the sea. Do you make more money each year, even just from an allowance, than that of others in the world? Women of France during the revolution played an important role. However, his father eventually got a job with the French government. Economic Cause. They confronted Louis XVI with demands. Napoleon created over 2300 articles of laws. Napoleon had complete control of France and complete support of the people. Slavery exists in the colonies, but was necessary as part of the colonial economies. The newly created Legislative Assembly wanted to spread the revolution across Europe. Napoleon was thinking about taking control and waiting for his chance. He believed in using force to crush uprisings – and did. Napoleon brought with him two regiments of soldiers, which made the council angry and refused him. He fell for the girl in the family he boarded with. Workers unions were illegal. Because of Louis XIV, the rich in France paid no taxes at all. They were most directly involved with the state of food and they strongly felt the effects of the food shortage in Paris. Each numbered section above is an example of one of these causes of revolutions. Answer: The clergy and the nobles led a life of luxury and enjoyed numerous privileges. Since 1789, the Émigré had scattered throughout Europe. In 1791, the monarchs of Austria and Prussia issued the Declaration of Pilnitz, in which they threatened to intervene to protect the French monarchy. Wives were given an inferior status. When a worker and employee disagreed about wages, the decision was in favour of the employer, not the worker. The three Bourbon French Monarchy that mainly contributes to the French Revolution are: Louis XIV, Louis XV, and Louis XVI. New individuals were appointed to the nobility by the monarchy, or they could … Napoleon didn’t want it to look like he was a single ruler who had taken power. Citizens are mostly illiterate. people questioned the rule by divine right of European monarchs people believed the government was no . He had control over the newspapers, government and the army. Louis XIV had spent money on wars and parties but had only taxed the Third Estate. Finally, Napoleon declared that he and Desiree were more suited to each other and likewise with his brother and Julie. (1) Those who supported Napoleon had territory taken from them. Rights and Obligations: people had certain rights and freedoms but had to follow contractual and inheritance laws. This angered commoners. The Directory became an oligarchy and was hated by commoners. She eventually gave birth to Napoleon II, the King of Rome. This made the monarchs of other European countries very, very nervous. France was once again a monarchy with an empire in Europe and around the world. However, it was responsible to Napoleon. Louis XVI let the rich have a little say in government. France had an absolute monarch. What was the Declaration of Plintz? The Church owned land and individuals took care of this land for them, however they were not responsible for paying taxes on this land. Napoleon chose to hold another plebiscite and won overwhelming support again. The conservative forces led to a struggle between liberalism and nationalism. Regardless, Napoleon fell head over heels for Josephine. Nobility is a social class normally ranked immediately below royalty and found in some societies that have a formal aristocracy.Nobility has often been an estate of the realm that possessed more acknowledged privilege and higher social status than most other classes in society. How many row does Boeing has for 744 jet for economy class? The Catholic Church was reorganized and became the state religion of France. They ran away confused. After Napoleon’s defeat these ideas were suppressed by reactionaries and conservatives. The Third Estate, which was 97% of the population, only got one vote. After a series of losses and problems in France, they began to win and actually expanded the territory of France. The war went badly, and Louis XVI was blamed. Ever since Edmund Burke, 170 years ago, dipped his pen in vitriol to blast the Revolution in its infancy, generation after generation of Frenchmen, with occasional support from other … There were three main points: There were also criminal, commercial (business), and punishment laws (trials). The southern port was under fire from European powers and French royalists. Below the nobility of the sword came the “nobility of the robe,” including the justices of the parlements and other courts and a host of other officials. However, he became angry with his partner and left Corsica, with his family, and declared himself a Frenchman. It, was the center of the Enlightenment, and France’s culture was widely praised, and imitated by the rest of the world. Napoleon and her sister Julie acted as chaperones. In response to this, a wave of conservatism spread among monarchs and their states. Does Matthew Gray Gubler do a voice in the Disney movie Tangled? By the time Napoleon became emperor this made him crazy. His first job was to create a set of laws that were logical and clearly understood by the common people. People actually began to starve. How did the Scientific Revolution impact people’s views about absolute monarchies and government? A. The metric system (the one used today) was introduced to make commerce and trade more efficient. He was now in position to make many changes in France. He even changed his name to Bonaparte. Over time, French King Louis XVI slowly lost power, the popular assemblies took control and violence broke out in Paris and throughout the countryside. Also, Napoleon took power from his political enemies by taking assets from his political enemies. Paris was in a state of confusion at this time. They rioted and attacked the Bastille (a symbol of royal oppression). How would you deal with this situation? Both the Spanish and Portuguese waged a guerilla war against the French. The women were armed with pikes, and they stormed the Palace at Versailles on October 6. The government was reorganized. Who were the emigres? same. Background: After Napoleon had taken control of much of Western Europe he began working towards continental dominance through military campaigns and spreading French reforms to other conquered European nations. The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France that had a major impact. Did Britney Spears cheat on Justin Timberlake? Earlier that year Italy sold Corsica to France. Prices are increasing and decreasing all over the country (there’s no stability). In fact, it was the Directory alone that had decision-making power. 1. Which accurately describe events leading to the Scientific Revolution? 4. As suppression increased in Europe, so did the number of independence movements. Many of the people in France, especially the poor and middle class, wanted to set up that type of government for themselves. Have a look at these sites. Napoleon felt that himself as ruler would maintain stability. Napoleon’s conquests led to a spread of French revolutionary ideas. So, Napoleon marched into the Orangerie and ordered them to sign a paper creating a provisional government - it is known as the coup of 18 Brumaire (November9, 1799). He began placing family members on various thrones of Europe. Vitebsk: Half of Napoleon’s army had died or deserted, and Napoleon still didn’t have his major battle. France also couldn’t reach its colonies. were shocked and appalled at what had happened in France. Finally, the French people loved their country and wanted it to become the best it could be. They wanted a government where they had religious freedom. The Retreat from Moscow: Finally, Napoleon decided to leave but the Russian winter had set in. Napoleon made himself First Consul, but had named two other Consuls, to make it seem like they worked together. He called his new laws The Code Napoleon. However, the appearance of success was, deceiving. How did European monarchs and nobles feel about the french revolution. why did europeon rulers and nobles denounce the French Revolution? The Congress met with a number of purposes. Religious freedoms, however, were protected by law. Napoleon returned from the Russian campaign to a devastated French population. There are some serious problems that really existed in France. He knew they couldn’t agree, so she had no choice but to break it off. Napoleon now knew he could procreate and gave Josephine the boot and sent her to a country estate. With only 6,000 troops and a few cannons he dispersed the crowd by shooting grapeshot at them. He formed a young and old, inexperienced army. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, In the 1700s, France was considered the most advanced. (he refused indirectly by stalling on his answer) Napoleon thus went after Marie-Louise, the Austrian grand-niece of Marie Antoinette. How many inches tall is a sixteen Oz monster energy can? The Directory was overthrown and. The Third Estate thought that it was being treated unfairly. Napoleon had left early to stop an uprising in Paris. Absolute monarchs in the 17th century begin to build the structure of a powerful, military, bureaucratic, modern state. History of Europe - History of Europe - Nobles and gentlemen: Between persistent poverty and the prevailing aristocratic spirit several connections can be made. As a result, efforts were made to incorporate Enlightenment How long will the footprints on the moon last? (2) The countries that suffered most would have an indemnity paid by France. Napoleon eventually graduated from the Royal Military College in Paris. While thinking about the reliability of them, find out where you might possibly be - as a teenager - on the world's wealth spectrum. Napoleon was sent to Nice after receiving a promotion. What was Joshua s age when Caleb was 85 years? He disagreed, so the Third Estate declared itself the National Assembly. The National Convention was grateful and promoted him to general. 6. Who resisted the ideas of the Declaration of the Rights of Man? Some suggest that it was still flourishing after the efforts of the Council of Trent (1545-63) to reform and revitalise the Church, as witnessed by its well-educated clergy, numerous and varied religious orders, and renewed forms of worship. Mayors were appointed and public works programs were started. Monarchy - Monarchy - Premodern monarchies: During the Middle Ages, European monarchies underwent a process of evolution and transformation. The French Revolution and its aftermath had left the aristocracy of Europe in a fearful state dreading the day of a working-class revolt. They initiated wage controls and price controls. _____fanned flames of opposition to the French Revolution abroad. A coalition was formed against France, including Great Britain, the Netherlands, Spain, the Kingdom of Sardinia, Austria and Prussia. Political Cause: During the eighteen the Century France was the centre of autocratic monarchy. It decided curriculum, salary of teachers, licenses, promotion and the books used. What differentiated the monarchies of France and its allies from other European monarchies was that the "monarchs" were "nouveaux riches," (nouveau empowered, actually) as opposed to "established" monarchs. Most of his best-trained soldiers were dead after the Russian failure. What kind of government did the Constitution of 1791 set up? By 1789 France was in need of money because of the financial support for the American Revolution and the spending habits of the wealthy. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Revolutionaries in France took the threat seriously and prepared for war. Name:_____ Date: _____ Block: French Revolution Webquest We have learned about absolutism and how monarchs abused their power in Europe. By the beginning of October 1789, most women could no longer feed their children, let alone themselves. When did organ music become associated with baseball? After Napoleon became Emperor of France he was aware that the country was disorganized. They became engaged after Napoleon admitted to pre-marital relations with Desiree. He had to rebuild it. Crossing the Nieman River/ Vilna: Napoleon wanted a big battle and quick victory, but didn’t get it here. Napoleon wanted to punish Russia for breaking the Continental System. The French Revolution was a major event in the history of Western societies, and has had a profound effect on the world today. So the gov’t of France no longer had enough money. people questioned the rule by divine right of European monarchs people believed the government was no . How did MONARCHS maintain and justify their power? Louis XVI and his family were now prisoners of the revolution. People rose up against the monarchy because Louis had brought troops to the assembly. Ideas about political empowerment, liberty and freedom grew. The government of France was officially. Absolute rule meant that the power of the monarch was, … Which do you think may have been the more dire causes? He was reluctant to fight, but had to make a stand near the town of Waterloo in today’s Belgium. Describe the status of the nobles in France before the revolution. On the other hand, the peasants and workers lived a wretched life. During the reign of the monarchs in France, there were three Estates, with everyone belonging to one. a limited monarchy (constitutional) how did european monarchs and nobles feel about the french revolution they opposed it because they feared the revolution would spread how did the national assembly hope to pay off the national debt All church officials were now paid by the state; they could not collect taxes (tithes – 10% of commoners’ income); and the church had to give up all land to the state. The Spanish resented Napoleon’s domination. Why did the European monarchs during the French Revolution fear the "French Plague"? How does mobility effect diffusion rates. In the First Estate were the clergy or leaders of the Church. Consider the Marquis de Lafayette, who was elected to the Estates-General, and became commander of the National Guard. Source: Historical Association Pamphlet, General Series, no 47 (London, 1961). The king's power was limited due to lords and wealthy churchmen. 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